Interview as a technique of collecting information: strategy of questions

Interview as a technique of collecting information: strategy of questions

It is important to tell apart interviews as a way of collecting interviewing and information as being a genre. That is, communication with people, is one of three ways to obtain information by a researcher in the first case, interview. Two alternative methods are:

  • observation, as soon as the researcher himself is definitely an eyewitness regarding the occasion,
  • working together with documents, where the document means any material carrier texts that are containing pictures.

Kinds of interviews and their function

Interviews as a technique of data gathering in turn are split into:

  • genre (for preparation of text within the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to recognize the characteristics of an individual, then to mirror them when you look at the text).

The reportage meeting ended up being discussed into the chapter that is previous. In regards to the investigative shall be told in the chapter on information retrieval. The theme with this chapter is interview being a genre, as a real way of text formatting in the shape of questions from a interviewer therefore the answers of this interlocutor. During the exact same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, in which the quantity of concerns of this researcher is minimized (they generally are not any after all), during the other pole – a conversation, if the journalist not merely asks questions, but additionally speaks much with lengthy arguments.

The fact the interview is a conversation, shows concerning the exact same quantity of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A discussion can be conducted with a journalist, by authority equal to the interlocutor, so the viewpoint of the journalist has also been interesting to visitors, given that opinion associated with the interlocutor. If an ordinary journalist speaks just as much or even more in an meeting as an interlocutor, this might be an indication of insufficient qualification.

Forms of interviews with regards to the topic. Subject meeting

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According to the subject, there are three types of interviews:

  • subject,
  • individual,
  • subject-personal.

Subject of the interview that is subject their state of things in just about any industry of task. Frequently it is an meeting with a specialist, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting to your journalist just as much as he could be connected with this state of affairs. For instance, an officer tells simple tips to protect an apartment from thieves. A doctor explains how exactly to protect your self from the flu epidemic. The advisor that is financial a forecast just how long the crisis will undoubtedly be regarding the trade. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on conditions that deviate through the meeting subject, nor the life that is private of interlocutor is of great interest.

The structure associated with interview that is subject of three components. First, they show the interlocutor’s experience of the subject. Then there’s a parsing associated with the subject for the intended purpose of its presentation, clarification and assessment. The topic meeting ends with all the streamlining of that which was stated, summarizing, practical recommendations to visitors.

The hero associated with topic meeting can additionally be an eyewitness or participant in the case. This can be a given information meeting, one of several news genres. The job for the journalist is always to learn whenever possible the details and details of what took place. The interlocutor’s communication with the topic is first shown, then the topic is deepened, and the ending is devoted to general impressions of what happened and the conclusions that the interlocutor made as in the case of an expert.